Cardiovascular surgery is the main surgery on the heart vessels. It is employed to treat the complications of valvular heart disease, ischemic heart disease or to correct congenital heart disease from various causes, endocarditis, atherosclerosis, and rheumatic heart disease. It also includes heart transplantation.
- Open heart surgery
- Modern beating heart surgery
- Heart transplant
- Coronary artery bypass grafting
- Minimally invasive surgery